As one of the most common afflictions or diseases that has the potential to affect 49.6 % of the global population we decided to compile a blog containing facts relating to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
One of the most common and regularly detected endocrine system affecting disorders in women is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, also known as Polycystic Ovary Disease. Worldwide it”s been estimated that the condition occurs in and affects approximately five to twenty-five percent ( depending on its diagnosis as defined by the symptoms they find) of females who are in what is medically considered as their reproductive or childbearing years, generally between the ages of 15 to 45 years
Due to the fact that Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is an endocrine system abnormality, it is within the endocrine system where it causes an imbalance in some of the vitally essential hormones to take place. The imbalance generally comes about when the male hormones and androgens levels are elevated significantly.
This is generally seen as one of the primary reasons and leading causes of disrupted or poor fertility and systematic menstrual disorders in women.
Symptoms and Side effects of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
There are a variety and plethora of symptoms and side effects that are associated with the condition of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome some of which we have listed below.
Characterised by the formation of multiple cysts on one or both of the ovaries, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome leads to the result of the ovary or ovaries becomes enlarged and producing an excessive amount of hormones, which results in an absence of ovulation.
It may cause a variety of physical symptoms and side effects such as infertility, acne (including adult acne), excessive growth of hair, particularly on the facial area of the chin and on the bodily region of the chest, and excessive amounts of weight gain.
Painfulness and sensitivity in the pelvic area, areas in patches of skin on the body that is thicker and darker than the surrounding lighter skin, type two diabetes, serious trouble falling pregnant and other associated conditions such as heart disease, mood disorders, breathing difficulties whilst asleep or obstructive sleep apnea and endometrial cancer.
Diagnosis is founded on two of the following three findings: negative or complete inability to ovulation, high androgen levels, and pre-existing ovarian cysts.
Cysts may be detectable through the process of ultrasound. Other conditions that produce similar symptoms include adrenal hyperplasia, hypothyroidism, and hyperprolactinemia.
No Know Cure, But Totally Treatable
PCOS has no known cure, however, If the ovarian cysts are discovered whilst still rather small, and can successfully be removed, this process can (to a certain extent, be considered partially curative)
Treatments may consist of lifestyle changes such as weight loss and exercise. Birth control pills may help with improving the regularity of periods, excess hair growth, and acne. Anti-androgens drugs may also be used.
Efforts to improve fertility may include weight loss and fertility medication; clomiphene, The In-vitro fertilisation is used by some for whom other measures are not effective.
The Causes of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or disease are generally triggered in women due to a combination of environmental and genetic factors. There are a variety of these risk factors, some of which can be fairly standard, including excessive weight, not getting enough physical exercise and a family history where the condition appeared/appears in a close relative,
Diagnosis is generally based on the occurrence of two of the following three physical conditions; excessively high levels of androgen, a lack of ovulation, and cysts in the ovarian region of the reproductive system. These cysts can generally be detected through the use of an ultrasound