By definition, paralysis can simply be defined as the inability or the unresponsiveness of movement of the muscles or muscular function in the body. It is known to occur when there is a distinct disruption of the communications between the muscles and the brain.
The bodies nervous system, which processes and interprets messages between all of the parts of the body controls the muscles, and by so doing, aids in the movement of the body. Hence, in cases where the nerve cells that control the muscles become damaged, the body loses its ability to voluntarily move these muscles.
When this happens, the body is said to be afflicted with paralysis.
Paralysis can occur in either a complete or partial status. It can take place anywhere in the body. Additionally, it can occur on one or either sides of the body. When it takes place only on one side of the body, it is medically termed “unilateral”, however, when paralysis occurs on dual sides of the body, the affliction is known as “bilateral”.
There are various types of paralysis that one can be affected by, we name them below in no particular order:
Quadriplegia is a form of paralysis within which both the arms and the legs become paralysed.
Paraplegia refers to paralysis of the lower half of one’s body, for example, the paralysis of the lower limbs.
Hemiplegia refers to muscular weakness on one particular side of the body. It could come about as a result of damage that occurs on the opposite side of the brain.
Some of the various causes of paraplegia include or result from trauma or injury to the bodies nervous system or brain, often paralysis is caused by the onset of a stroke, however, it may also transpire because of damage to the bodies spinal cord, physical trauma to the brain or central nervous system or a fractured or broken neck.
Other causes of paralysis include various neurological disorders, such as ALS or (Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), inflammation of the facial nerve or Bell’s palsy and Neuropathy.
Within the science of Ayurveda, paralysis is called Pakshavadha or Pakshaghata, which is indicative of an affliction brought about by an imbalance of the Vata Dosha, with associations to the Pitta and Kapha doshas. As Vata is one of the primary Doshas, its sole purpose and responsibility is to ensure that that the bodies voluntary movements are performing in coordination.
The Image used is attributed to Paige Bradley