The modern definition or excessive weight or obesity was medically classed as a disease that affects a considerable amount of the world’s population. 2013 was the year that obesity was classified as an official disease by the American Medical Association. Obesity or excessive weight gain can be defined as a medical disease or condition in cases where excessive amounts of body fat have accumulated in the body, surrounding the internal organs and bringing about a negative effect on the body’s overall state of health.
Obesity is measured and defined by the individual’s Body Mass Index. This is a measurement that is calculated and obtained by dividing an individual’s body weight by the square of their height, If the measurement is above 30 kilograms per M2, then by medical standards that person is classified as obese.
Obesity has been found to significantly reduce life expectancy in both adults and children, this is due to its link to and it’s association with various medical conditions and diseases. These include a variety of conditions, especially type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, osteoarthritis, obstructive sleep apnea, asthma, depression and certain types of cancers.