Pre-Menstrual Syndrome

Definition

Pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) is an abnormal response to normal hormonal changes. It’s a group of symptoms that appears one or two weeks before menstruation and disappears once menstruation starts. It’s a menstrual disorder that affects women at some time during their lives.

Symptoms:

Pre-menstrual symptoms only occur during the luteal phase, between the ovulation and the start of menstrual bleeding. They include;

  • Breast swelling and tenderness
  • Acne
  • Weight gain, bloating
  • Fatigue
  • Decreased sexual drive
  • Depression, anger
  • Anxiety
  • Mood swings
  • Food cravings

Cause:

The major cause of PMS in most women is brought on by a combination of improper nutrition, lack of exercise, digestion, toxin accumulation and stress, which causes disturbances in hormonal balance. Any disturbance in hormonal balance can produce the symptoms associated with PMS.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Pre-Menstrual Syndrome:

According to Ayurveda, Pre-Menstrual Syndrome occurs as a result of imbalances of the doshas.  Ayurveda sees Pre-menstrual syndrome as a build-up of imbalanced doshas in the body. An important assessment of Ayurveda is having a broad knowledge and understanding of PMS and comes from the understanding that the type of symptoms a woman experiences during PMS largely depends on the type of imbalance that is present in the physiology (Vata, pitta, and kapha) when the menstrual cycle begins

  • An imbalance of the Vata dosha predisposes women to symptoms such as mood swings, anxiety, insomnia and headaches.
  • Women with Pitta imbalance experience symptoms such as anger, irritability, excessive heat, poor complexion and pain during menstruation.
  • Kapha imbalance predisposes women to symptoms like bloating, depression, weight gain, and lethargy.

Line of treatment:

  • Balancing the doshas, creating strong digestion, stress management, Counselling

Treatments:

The treatment modalities include panchakarma, external therapies, internal medications, Activities, Advice of food and lifestyle changes.

  • Panchakarma – Virechana, Basti
  • Externally – Yoni Pichu (Tamponing)
  • Yoni Prakshalana (Douche)
  • Abhyanga
  • Takra Dhara
  • Internally – Shatavari (Asparagus recemosus)
  • Ashwagandha (Withanis Somnifera)

Activities:

  • Specific Asanas, Panayamas, Bandhas, Mudras, Deep relaxation techniques

Food:

  • Improving the intake of water.
  • Fried, spicy, and sour foods should be avoided
  • Improved intake of fruits in their natural form.
  • Timely regular wholesome meals in a conducible non-disturbing atmosphere
  • Lifestyle changes:  specific to the individual’s constitution, nature of work and geographical conditions.