Osteoporosis

Definition

The term Osteoporosis is a disease of the bone. It means “porous bone”. It’s a condition that causes the bone to become thin and porous, decreasing bone strength and leading to increased risk of breaking a bone. It happens when an individual loses too much bone density; make too little bone mass or both. As a result, the bone become weak and may break from a minor fall or, in serious cases, even from simple actions, like sneezing or bumping into furniture.

A healthy bone that is viewed under a microscope has parts that look like a honeycomb. If an individual has osteoporosis, the holes and spaces in the honeycomb would be much bigger than they are in the healthy bone. This apparently means that the person’s bones have lost density or mass and that the structure of the bone tissue has become abnormal. As the bones become less dense, they also become weaker and more susceptible to break.

The risk factors for Osteoporosis include:

  • Age
  • Sex
  • Vertebral compression Fracture
  • Fragility fracture after age 40
  • More than 3 months usage of glucocorticoid drugs
  • Medical conditions that contribute to bone loss

Symptoms:

Osteoporosis is called the “silent thief” because the loss of bone occurs without any symptoms unless one has fractured. Symptoms which could be experienced over a long period include:

  • Gradual loss of height
  • Bone fracture
  • Acute lower backache
  • Nocturnal leg cramps
  • Reduction or loss of mobility
  • Rounding of shoulders

Ayurvedic Treatment for Osteoporosis:

Vata body type people in the vata stage of life are likely to experience loss of bone density at a higher rate. Some of the behavioural patterns that can create an imbalance of vata in the body are being in stress or reacting to stress with anxiety, physical exhaustion, mental strain, lack of sleep, fear or shock. Thus, the risk for osteoporosis will be higher in persons with a vata body type, old people and women after menopausal age. For women, a regular menstrual cycle is important for building and maintaining bone strength throughout her reproductive years.

Line of treatment:

  • Balancing the vata and nourishing the Kapha.

Treatments:

The treatment modalities include panchakarma, external therapies, internal medications, Activities,  Advice of food and lifestyle changes.

  • Panchakarma – Basti
  • Externally – Abhyanga, PPS, SSPS, Sarvanga Dhara, Kashaya Seka
  • Internally – Combinations of herbs as Ashwagandha, Shatavari, Medicated ghee, Sallaki, Guggulu, etc

Activities:

  • Specific Asanas, Physiotherapy, Aqua Yoga
  • Food and lifestyle changes:  specific to the individual’s constitution, nature of work and geographical conditions.