Pranayama is the science of cleansing, balancing, and gaining control over the universal life force.
Four aspects of pranayama :
- Poorakha or Inhalation
- Rechaka or Exhalation
- Antar Kumbhaka or Internal breath retention
- Bahir Kumbhaka or External breath retention
The breath is the most vital process of the body. It influences the activities of each and every cell, and intimately linked with performance of the brain. Most people breathe incorrectly, using a small part of their lung capacity. The breathing is then generally shallow, depriving the body of oxygen. But this pranayama corrects the breathing habits. In addition to it they help to focus on the breathing process.
Swami Shivananda says “ There is an intimate connection between the breath, nerve currents and control of the inner vital force .Pranayama is the means by which a yogi tries to realize with in his individual body the whole cosmic nature and attempts to attain perfection .
It is the process for mastery over the Prana .it is the basic life principle. Which acts as a bridge between mind and matter.
It is the science of harnessing the breath for gaining control the prana and there by over The mind.
It is the normalizing subtle channel of prana, bringing balance in the vital force.
It normalizes the functions of respiratory system.
It helps to improves our breathing and prolong our life span by controlling breath.
Slow and deep breathing helps to keep all the lobes in function.
Total thrown out of carbon dioxide happens so each cell gets enough oxygen.
It controls the nervous system and metabolism rate in the body.
Some types of major paranayamas are :
- Colling pranayama (shitali,shitkari,sadantha)
- Ujjayi Pranayama
- Nadishidahana Pranyama to balance the nostrils and to calm down the nervous system.
- Bramari Pranayama
- Soorya Bhedhana Chandra Bhedahan